Ea: Desired state, successful closure of a sequence.
Kaitiaki: A guardian – a person with an obligation to protect the integrity of taonga, and the matauranga Maori, through their ancestry or calling.
Mana: Authority, control, leadership, and influence. Mana is drawn from ancestors and from personal contributions.
Manaia: Beaked creatures in Maori mythology
Manaakitanga: Nurturing relationships/looking after people.
Noa: Restoring a balance – crisis over, health restored, life returns to normal.
Pātaka: A food store house.
Pono: True and genuine.
Take-utu-ea: When there has been a wrong-doing or a breach occurs, punishment or some form of compensation occurs to reach ea – the desired state.
Taonga: Taonga works are “physical or intellectual products of matauranga Maori made possible through the medium of human industry” (Tuatahi 31). It is said that Taonga works have mauri, a life force, due to its whakapapa through the invocation of ancestors and their traditional stories. (Tuatahi 44).
Tapu: Tapu is one of the strongest forces in Maori culture and it is intrinsically linked with the concept of mana. Tapu is a spiritual code, and according to Mead, “the source of tapu goes to the heart of Maori religious thought” (30). The concept of tapu denotes sacredness and discipline – with strict rules and ceremonies existing around it. Tapu exists everywhere – in people (the head having the most tapu), objects, buildings, places and also in words (Mead 30).
Tika: Being correct.
Tūturu: Fixed, permanent or enduring.
Utu: Compensation, revenge, reciprocity.
Whanaungatanga: Focus on relationships, embracing of whakapapa.
Mead, Sidney M. Tikanga Māori. Wellington, N.Z.: Huia, 2003. Print.