This section contains resources located for tasks 3E, 3F and 4B
Task 3E – Locate 2-5 texts related to the topic, explain why they are useful and why they are credible:
A Brief History of Women in Art – Article
This article looks at women’s part in art’s history, both as the subject and the artist, and explores how they have been both underrepresented and misrepresented. It looks at the feminism movement and the key artists who contributed to it. This section is very relevant to the topic as it looks at how women felt marginalised, and were confronting their society about it. We also learn how major historical events, such as World War I, affected the shifting identity of women which helps us understand context relating to the topic (“A Brief History of Women in Art”)
This is a credible source as it is from Khan Academy, a recognised educational website written by a collection of teachers, professors and designers. The writing didn’t appear to have any bias, and a wide array of examples were used to justify their points. Finally, it is a recent post as it was last updated in 2015.
This video, by the cosmetic company Dove, is part of their body image campaign promoting natural beauty. Here they have used the selfie as a way to redefine beauty and promote self love. In the video, women were asked to take an ‘honest selfie’, one without editing or filters, which was then put up for strangers to write positive comments on as a way to boost self confidence (Dove United States). This is relevant to my topic because it shows the selfie, something often seen as narcissistic, in a positive light – a way to improve body confidence and break conventions. It also relates to Mirzoeff’s idea of the selfie being the medium for digital conversation.
I assume that is a credible source as Dove is a large, recognised company. If they ever posted anything which was not correct, the media would devastate their company’s name, therefore it is assumed that they are very cautious about what they post.
Selfies beyond self representation – Journal article
This article explores the global phenomena of the selfie and is relevant to my topic as it relates to how we represent ourselves in our modern society. It looks at how people have responded to the selfie, both positively and negatively, and how it has integrated itself into our everyday lives. Relationships between the selfie and culture, community, politics, technology and visual culture are all explored. The idea of the selfie as a medium for digital conversation is discussed also, “The selfie is not simply a new communication tool; the selfie is posited as a better communication tool—faster, more representative, more immediate.” (Gomez Cruz and Thornham)
This is a credible source as it has been written by two established authors, and it is from a peer reviewed journal.
Identity Politics – Article
This article discusses groups in society which have faced injustice and inequality. It looks at gender, feminism, gay people, race and multiculturalism. This relates to my topic as it looks at the collective identity of these different groups, all of which are marginalised identities, how they have developed over time as well as how they have confronted dominant identities (Heyes).
This is a credible source at is was published by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP), which is written by experts and is continually updated – this article was updated in March 2016. The SEP is a branch connected to Stanford University which a recognised and credible establishment.
This video is of Judith Butler discussing the idea of gender performativity. This is relevant to the topic as Mirzoeff draws on ideas from her book ‘Gender Trouble’ when talking about identity as a performance. The video simplifies her theories making them easier to understand in comparison to her written texts. Butler believes that we aren’t born a set gender, and that as we grow up, “We act and walk and speak and talk in ways that consolidate an impression of being a man or being a woman.” (Butler) Her talk also covers the ways that gender norms become established and are policed, and how to disrupt these norms. This video
This is a credible source as it an unaltered recording of Judith Butler, an American philosopher and gender theorist, speaking. The source needs to be treated with caution as it has very controversial opinions, not just fact.
Task 3F: Document visual texts and resources in relation to other issues in resource section: (SEE FULL TASK HERE)
- Jean Kilbourne’s film trailer for ‘Killing us Softly 4’ which explores the treatment of women in advertisements. This is a credible source as Kilbourne is a recognised academic.
- Dove released this video showing the lengthy processes of getting a model cover ready, and just how fake the final image is. This source is credible as Dove is a respected, international company.
- Women’s Body Image – an article discussing the evolution of women’s body image through time and across cultures, and also eating disorders. Is a credible source as it comes from Rehabs.com, an established organisation.
- Dying to be Barbie – an article looking at the pressure media creates around body image, and the health problems that are coming out of it. Is a credible source as it also comes from Rehabs.com.
- Depression and sexual identity – this article looks at the relationship between mental health and sexual identity. This is a verified source as it has been published under the New Zealand Government.
Underweight Models Banned in Israel – This news article gives information about Israel’s ban in underweight models in an effort to reduce problems around anorexia and body image.
Task 4B: Images collected for Task 4B: (SEE FULL TASK HERE)
“A Brief History of Women in Art.” Khan Academy. Khan Academy, 2015. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Butler, Judith. “Your Behavior Creates Your Gender.” Big Think. The Big Think, 19 Feb. 2011. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Dove United States. “Dove Selfie.” YouTube. YouTube, 20 Jan. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Dove. “Dove Evolution.” YouTube. YouTube, 06 Oct. 2006. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Gender Neutral Bathroom Sign. N.d. My Door Sign. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Gómez Cruz, Edgar, and Helen Thornham. “Selfies beyond Self-representation.” Journal of Aesthetics and Culture. Co-Action Publishing, 12 Aug. 2015. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Heyes, Cressida. “Identity Politics.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 16 July 2002. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Kilbourne, Jean. “Killing Us Softly 4 Trailer.” YouTube. YouTube, 12 Mar. 2010. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
Kruger, Barbara. Untitled (I shop Therefore I am). 1987. Silkscreen Print. Barbara Kruger. Mary Boone Gallery, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.
Lopez, Jennifer. No Makeup Day! #real face #trueselfie #Iwokeuplikethis”. 2014. Photograph. Jennifer Lopez goes without makeup. US Magazine, Jun. 26 2015. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.
National Geographic. Global Culture Cover. 1999. Women’s Bodies and the Modernity/Tradition Binary. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Neshat, Shirin. Rebellious Silence. 1994. Photograph. Shirin Neshat Artist Statement. Signs Journal, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.
Rehabs.com. “Women’s Body Image and BMI: 100 Years in the US.”Rehabs.com. Sober Media Group, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Seven Year Old’s ‘Dyet’ N.d. Dying to Be Barbie. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
The New York Times Editorial Board. “The Quest for Transgender Equality.”The New York Times. The New York Times, 03 May 2015. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Reynolds, Emma. “Underweight Models Banned in Israel.” Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 03 Jan. 2013. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Seven Year Old’s ‘Dyet’. N.d. Photograph. Dying to be Barbie. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Ulay. S’he . 1973. Polaroid Type 107. Ulay | Polaroids. Nederlands Foto Museum, n.d. Web. 13 April. 2016.